Brazil or officially the Federal Republic of Brazil is the largest country in both South America and Latin America . And the third largest country in the Americas and the fifth largest country in the world, both in terms of geographic size or population. It is the largest countries speaking Portuguese in the world, and the only one in the Americas.
Is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Brazil ‘s coastline with a length of 7491 km (4,655 miles) is bounded on the north Venezuela , Guyana , Suriname and one Overseas France French Guiana ; surrounded by the north – west Colombia , Bolivia and Peru to the west, Argentina and Paraguay from the south – west, and Uruguay in the south. Many of the island groups is part of Brazilian territory, such as Fernando de Noronha , Rocas Atoll , Saint Peter and Paul Rocks , and Trindade and Martim won .
It is bordered by all other countries in South America except Ecuador and Chile and occupies 47% of the South Garhomrica . Brazil was a colony of Portugal start since landing explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral in 1500 until 1815. In 1815, she was promoted to the rank of the Kingdom of Brazil when forming the Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the West.
Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808 when he moved the capital of the empire from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro after the invasion of Napoleon Portugal . This has been achieved independence in 1822 when it was the formation of the Brazilian Empire, a unified country ruled by a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system.
The country has become a presidential republic in 1889, when he announced the military coup of the Republic of Brazil, with a bicameral legislature, which is named Congressional Currently, dates back ratification of the first constitution to the year 1824. Constitution of Brazil and current established in 1988, Brazil is known as a federal republic . it consists of the Union Federation of the Federal District, and the Union of 26 states and 5,564 municipalities.
Flag of Brazil:
Flag Brazil adopted on November 19 November , 1889 in a decree law No. 4 consists of a green rectangle with 07:10 ratios and certain parallel yellow and blue circle band white with the words “order and progress” in the green color, and twenty – seven white star express 27 the state of federal. The Brazilian flag is one of the national flags in the world which do not own any part of the black or red , which usually have a correlation of war, blood colors. Brazilian flag designed by Raimundo Teixeira Mendes [English] and drawn by artist Deseo Villars in Portuguese.
Brazil General Information & Profile:
See here Brazil area population and currency information and comprehensive profile.
Official language: Portuguese
Religion: Roman Catholicism & Protestantism
Area: 8,515,767 km2
Population: 206,440,850 (2015)
Currency: Real (R$) (BRL)
Time zone: BRT (UTC−2 to −5)
Calling code: +55